Upper Elementary

Upper Elementary Topics and Skills (Grades 4-6)

The following skills are developed in the Upper Elementary curriculum.


  • Learning to Read and Reading to Learn
    Sight words and contextual clues, reading fluency and comprehension (reading for pleasure, reading for content/research, literature circles), poetry study, use of reference materials, internet
  • Language Skills
    Word study, parts of speech, parts of the sentence, vocabulary/spelling
  • Communications Skills
    Listening, storytelling, shared literature, oral presentations, public speaking/debate
  • Writing Skills
    Penmanship, cursive writing, types of writing (fiction writing, non- fiction writing , letter writing, poetry writing, research writing), writing traits (ideas, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency, conventions, presentation ) writing techniques (outlining, note-taking, sequencing, summarization, graphic organizer, drafting, revising, editing, publishing)


  • Numeration
    Numerical quantities, numerical symbols, place value through millions, prime numbers, rounding, integers/number line
  • Computation
    Continued reinforcement of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division operations, factors/multiples, divisibility, percent/ratio/proportion, exponents
  • Fractions
    Fractions naming/vocabulary, equivalence study, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, simplifying and reducing
  • Measurement
    Linear (standard and metric), time, temperature (Fahrenheit/Celsius), weight
  • Pre-Algebra
    Binomials and trinomials, solving for the unknown, variables, squaring/cubing
  • Geometry
    Segments and angles (construction, relationships between lines, relationships between angles (complementary, supplementary), operations with angles, advanced study of triangles, measurement and relationships of plane figures, quadrilaterals (classification, parts), complex polygons (regular and irregular), circles (parts, relationships), congruency, similarity, equivalence, use of ruler, protractor, compass, perimeter, area, volume, surface area
  • Problem Solving
    Word problems and critical thinking, estimating, graphing (data collection, pie chart, ordered pairs), patterns and relationships, money

Cultural Studies

  • History
    Timeline of Civilization (from early humans through present day), fundamental needs of humans, study of early civilizations and cultures (early humans, first farmers, emerging cultures), world history, US history
  • Science
    Physical science. Process of scientific inquiry, processes of life, motion, force and energy, heat, sound and light, astronomy, rocks and their properties, first chemistry (atomic, molecular structure, periodic table of the elements).
  • Botany/Zoology
    Five kingdoms of life, tree of life, animal phyla, plant phyla, internal functions of animals, body functions of animals, the human body, internal functions of plants, structural function of plants, environmental ecology
  • Geography
    Physical geography, political geography, economy, natural resources
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